Eczema is a type of skin inflammation marked by itching, redness, and a rash. Small blisters may appear in situations of short duration, while the skin may thicken in long-term cases. The affected skin might range in size from a small patch to the entire body. Skin becomes irritated, itchy, cracked, and rough in places.
Many people use the term eczema to refer to the most prevalent type of dermatitis, atopic dermatitis. Atopic dermatitis, asthma, and hay fever are just a few of the immune-related disorders that are referred to as atopic. The term dermatitis refers to skin irritation.
Symptoms might be triggered by certain foods, such as nuts and dairy. Smoke, pollen, soaps, and scents are examples of environmental triggers. Eczema is an infectious skin condition. Some people grow out of it, while others will have it throughout their adult lives.
It’s common in babies and young children, and it can be noticed on their faces. Eczema, on the other hand, can manifest itself in a variety of ways in children, teenagers, and adults.
Eczema flare-ups are more likely in the winter because the air is dryer than usual. Your skin might be dried out by dry air combined with interior heating systems. Eczema flares up when the skin can’t keep itself moist. Wearing too many layers of clothes, taking hot baths, or using too many bed coverings can all trigger flare-ups. All of these activities are more likely to occur during the frigid winter months.
The major goal should be to avoid the hot-cold-hot-cold cycle by maintaining an equal skin temperature as much as possible. Maintain a constant, comfortable (but not too warm) temperature in each room. Layers on the bed are preferable than a single thick duvet since the layers can be pulled off one at a time. Baths that are too hot (as well as sitting too close to fires and radiators) should be avoided because the heat might cause scratching. Only use warm water to bathe or shower.
How to prevent eczema from getting worse in winters?
In order to fight eczema in the winter:
- Avoid taking hot baths.
- Use a mild soap.
- Make use of a rich moisturiser.
- Certain items should be avoided like wool, nylon, and other fibers which tend to irritate the skin and cause eczema. They may also cause overheating, which might result in flare-ups.
- Consider using a humidifier.
- Make sure you get lots of water.
- Supplement with vitamin D.
In the winter, cold and flu virus infections are more common, and you should be very cautious about the secondary transmission of staph to individuals around you, especially those with eczema.
Eczema symptoms differ based on the age of the individual who has it.
Eczema, on the other hand, is usually mild. Symptoms include:
- Dry, scaly skin
- Skin flushing
- Open, crusted, or weeping sores
- scaly rashes that are more severe than those seen in children
- Rashes that typically form in the creases of the elbows or knees, as well as the nape of the neck
- Rashes that cover a large portion of the body
- On the affected areas, the skin is extremely dry.
- Uncomfortable rashes that don’t go away
- Infections of the skin
Some eczema symptoms are different in those who have darker skin.Children and adults may have various symptoms.
Infants’ signs and symptoms
In infants under the age of two, the following symptoms are common:
- Rashes on the cheeks and scalp
- Rashes that appear to be bubbling before spilling fluid
- Rashes that produce a lot of itching and can make it difficult to sleep
In children aged 2 and up, the following symptoms are common:
- Rashes that occur behind the elbow or knee creases
- Rashes on the neck, wrists, ankles, and the buttocks-to-legs crease
- Rashes with bumps
- Sores that can lighten or darken in color
A dermatologist, allergist, or primary care physician can assist you in determining the best eczema treatment. Combining more than one treatment may also be beneficial. Among the possibilities are:
- Remedy at home
There are a few things you may do at home to help relieve symptoms.
Moisturizers. Your doctor will prescribe lotions and creams to keep your skin moist because it is dry and irritating. Creams and ointments help your skin heal by reducing irritation and restoring moisture.
Antihistamines and hydrocortisone creams Antihistamines and hydrocortisone cream, both available over-the-counter, can also assist. Hydrocortisone is a steroid that helps to reduce inflammation, itching, and swelling.
Wraps that are wet. If your eczema flares up, soak some gauze, bandages, or soft fabric in cool water and apply it to your skin. The cold will help to ease irritation, and the moisture will aid in the effectiveness of creams or lotions. Cover the region with a dry layer (pyjamas, for example) and leave it in place for several hours or overnight.
- Techniques for relaxation
There’s a definite correlation between stress and the appearance of your skin. Plus, while your emotions are strong, you’re more likely to scratch.
It’s been proven that self-hypnosis, meditation, and biofeedback therapy can help with eczema symptoms. You might wish to consult a therapist as well. They can assist you in breaking bad habits or thinking patterns that are contributing to your skin problems.
To relieve inflammation, your doctor may prescribe corticosteroid lotions and ointments. Antibiotics will almost certainly be required if the region develops infected.
Knowing which triggers to avoid and which non-irritating skincare and personal care items to use can have a major impact on reducing distressing symptoms. Just remember to moisturize your skin with gentle yet effective lotions on a regular basis, avoid exposing bare skin to the chilly winter air, and use humidifiers in your house to help replenish some of the water lost in the air this time of year.