What Materials Are Tyres Made Of?

While you drive your stylish vehicle, your tyres work a lot to make the movement of your vehicle possible. Your tyres make direct contact with the road surface. Therefore, their role is vital for the overall performance of your car.

From safety to driving ease and from fuel efficiency to better grip on the road, every important aspect of driving depends on well-designed tyres.

Because of this reason, today’s tyres are made with the use of advanced tools and technology.

You may have any type of vehicle, tyres are ready to serve your needs.

Therefore, It is necessary talk about the materials that make high-grade tyres.

Have a look!

Natural Rubber:

The most common component of your tyres is natural rubber.

As rubber is the main material for tyres, tyre industry needs rubber in large quantity.

Natural rubber is obtained from Hevea trees.

Nowadays, an alternative of natural rubber is a synthetic rubber that is made with the help of different chemicals.

Synthetic Polymers:

The two main types of synthetic rubber polymers used tyres are styrene-butadiene rubber and butadiene rubber. They build almost 24% parts of the tyres. synthetic rubber polymers are used with natural rubber as a combination.

Physical and chemical traits of these synthetic polymers are important to determine different performance features of tyres, such as rolling resistance and road holding capacity.


Various types of fabric cords are used in tyres, such as rayon cord, polyester cord, Nylon cord etc.

These cords are there for dimensional stability. They also support the weight of vehicles as well.


Wire made of steel is utilized in belts and beads. The belts are used under the tread pattern to enhance the performance against wear and tear. 


Antioxidants are added to the tyre material to save the rubber from damage because of the bad effects of temperature and oxygen.


Carbon black and silica are used as fillers to improve the quality of rubber material. Silica is added to enhance rolling resistance.


As the name suggests, antiozonants are added to the material to minimize the effects of ozone on the tyres.

Curing Systems:

Rubber takes a solid form during tyre curing with the help of sulfur and zinc.

These tyre making materials make the following components of a tyre:

Tread Pattern:

Tread pattern touches the road directly. It is made of natural and synthetic rubber. Tread blocks in a tyre provide proper grip on the road, water dispersal ability, high mileage and better control over the vehicle.

The part of the tread that is mostly in contact with the road is called a cap. It is mainly responsible for providing good drip and directional stability. 

Underneath the cap, you will find the base that is responsible for managing rolling resistance.

The outer edges of  Tyres Sherburn are called shoulders.

Cap Piles:

You will find this layer just below the tread pattern. This layer lets the tyre run at high speeds. Cap piles are made up of a strong cord of nylon that is embedded in the rubber.

Steel Cord Belt Piles:

Steel cost belt piles provide proper strength to the tyre and they also ensure directional stability. 

Textile Cord Ply:

Textile cord ply is made up of rubberised rayon and it maintains the tyre’s shape. It also controls the internal pressure of the tyre.

Inner Liner:

The inner liner performs a lot of functions for tyres. It controls the air pressure and functions as an inner tyre tube in tubeless tyres.


This area is connected to the tread part with the help of the shoulder. It is made up of natural rubber. The sidewall saves the casing from climatic conditions and other external damaging factors.

Tyre Bead:

Tyre bead part makes the edge that fits the wheel groove perfectly.

As you see, different materials are used in Tyres Pickering and these materials make vital components of tyres to provide a safe and comfortable driving experience. Tyre making industry is still improving to use more advanced materials. 

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