What Exactly SGST, CGST, and IGST Are?

GST Goods and Service Tax (GST Goods and Service Tax) is a reforming financial tax structure introduced in the Indian constitution for the structuring, with equal regard, of all business units into the tax-paying organization pool. Goods and utility taxes shall be levied to offset all indirect taxes. Here we explain all the related aspects of taxes and the GST. There are three primary tax components, CGST, SGST, and IGST. A brief introduction for beginners, as well as the exact essence of all these components and the role they play in the tax economy of the GST. The GST bill has been passed, and the Goods and Service Tax Act will cover CGST, SGST, and IGST. The Federal Government will charge the CGST while the IGST and the Government of the Province will charge the SGST.  In this post, you will be learning about What Exactly SGST, CGST, and IGST Are?

The Government of India implemented the Goods and Services Tax (GST) Act across the country, including the Union Territories (UT) in 2017. This resulted in earlier taxes, such as Value Added Tax (VAT), Central Excise and Service Tax, being part of a single indirect tax structure, now known as GST. The key idea of raising such taxes under one umbrella is to create a single country tax definition in India. Because GST is effectively a destination-based levy, an end-user who consumes either products or services or both is liable to pay the Goods and Services Tax (GST) levy is levied by the State in which the goods or services are bought or both are purchased and not by the State in which the goods or services are consumed.


How GST is assessed and imposed on a range of goods and services

In order to decide if the Central Goods and Services Tax (CGST), the State Goods and Services Tax (SGST) or the Combined Goods and Services Tax (IGST) will refer to a taxable transaction, it is also important to first understand if the transaction is an intra-state or inter-state source.


Intra-state supply of goods or services: an intra-state supply of goods and/or services refers to the region or position of the producer and the place of supply, i.e. the location of the purchaser of goods and/or services in the same state. Thus in intra-state deals, the dealer must buy both CGST and SGST from the purchaser. The CGST shall be deposited in the accounts of the Federal Government and the SGST shall be deposited in the accounts of the Government of that Province.

Interstate sale of products or services: on the other hand, interstate supply of goods and/or services applies to the region or position of the producer and to the area of supply in various states. In addition, when products and/or services are manufactured or exported, or when the delivery of goods or services is rendered to or from the SEZ (Special Economic Zones) unit, the trade is considered to be an interstate supply. In an interstate trade, the vendor/seller is expected to receive IGST from the purchaser/customer.

Tax on Goods and Services Forms (GST)

The Goods and Services Tax (GST) structure is divided into three broad forms of taxation. This is explained in the following.


  • SGST (tax on public goods and services)
  • CGST (Tax on Core Goods and Services)
  • Integrated Goods and Services Levy (IGST)
  • UTGST (Tax on Union Territory Goods and Services)


The separate state GST shall be enforced in order to preserve the constitutional rights of state governments, where they may levy taxes on different goods or services or both that are sold or bought from a specific state.

  1. Tax on Public Goods and Services (SGST)


The Government Goods and Services Tax (SGST) is a form of tax imposed on domestic suppliers of goods and services. The tax shall be imposed by the Government of the State in accordance with the provisions of the SGST Act, 2017. Any tax obligation gained under SGST can only be assessed against SGST or IGST (Integrated Goods and Services Tax) input tax credit (ITC). It would also eliminate all prevailing state taxes, including VAT, State Income Tax, Amusement Tax, Luxury Tax, Entry Tax, State Taxes and Surcharges on any form of activity relating to goods and services. The Government of the State is the main taxpayer of the SGST.


  1. Charge on Central Products and Services (CGST)


The Central Goods and Services Tax (CGST) is a form of tax imposed on domestic goods and services suppliers. The tax is levied by the central government in conjunction with the CGST Act, 2017. In addition, SGST, which is regulated by the Government of the State, is also responsible for the same intra-state procurement of goods and services. It is one of the taxes to be levied on any intra-state trade i.e. goods and services provided in that State, and the other is SGST (or UTGST for Union Territories). CGST shall replace all current Central Taxes, including Service Tax, Central Excise Duty, CST, Customs Duty, SAD, etc. In general, the price paid as a CGST is equal to the SGST limit. Both taxes shall be paid at the general price of the goods.


  1. Integrated Goods and Services Levy (IGST)


The Integrated Goods and Services Tax (IGST) is a form of tax levied on all interstate suppliers of goods and services and is governed under the provisions of the IGST Act, 2017. Taxes shall be levied on every supply of goods and services, both in cases where those goods and services are imported into and exported from India. In addition, the selling of goods and services is to be zero-rated under the IGST and the tax is to be shared between the state and central governments. This tax will be accumulated with the help of the central government and will in addition, be distributed to the respective states. IGST shall be charged as a commodity or commodity is moved from one state to another. It is designed to ensure that the State has to deal solely with the Government of the Union and not individually with another State in order to settle the amounts of the inter-state levy.






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