Acne is a type of skin condition in excess oil in hair follicles and dead and damaged skin cells. It results in blackheads, pimples, and scars. Though it affects people of all ages, it is most common in teenagers. There are numerous treatments to cure acne, but in some cases, acne can be persistent also. It is a slow process and heals slowly. When one pimple goes away, then the other surfaces. If your acne is severe, it can lead to emotional distress and leave a permanent scar. The early you start, the more quickly your acne will heal. But you can only cure your acne when you are aware of its causes. So let’s discuss some of the things that lead to acne and also about acne treatment.
Causes of acne
There can be multiple reasons due to which a person can face the issue of acne. The main factors resulting in acne are:
Excess oil- If a person has much oily skin, he is more prone to acne. The excess oil in the skin often leads to acne on the face. In most cases, acne appears on the face, forehead, and chest because of excess oil in these body parts.
Hormonal imbalance- During a lifetime, a person undergoes many changes in the body, especially hormonal changes. One hormone named androgen in both boys and girls leads to excess oil and ultimately causes acne. Certain situations like pregnancy, menstruation in women can also trigger acne.
Medications- There are certain medications like testosterone, lithium, and corticosteroids that lead to acne.
Diet- The diet of a person also plays a major role in this. Research indicates that consuming certain foods like oily food, fried, rich in fats can worsen acne. People should ensure that they are taking a balanced diet rich in all vital nutrients to avoid acne.
Stress- In the first place, stress does not lead to acne, but if you are having stress while having acne, it can worsen the situation.
Cosmetics- Some people apply oily makeup products resulting in acne. And they do not even care to wash it after they are done properly. This carelessness can lead to acne and worsen it. The best thing you can do here is to use oil-free makeup products. Besides this, ensure to remove makeup.
Treatment for acne
The acne treatment will vary from person to person, depending upon the severity of the acne. Consequently, you need to see if you have mild acne or severe one. Then look for a suitable treatment.
You can use products like salicylic acid, sulfur, Retin A, and many more to go for mild acne. After receiving the treatment, there can also be specific side effects like redness, burning, and skin irritation. But no worries, as these will subside after some time on their own.
On the other hand, if you have serious acne, you should first consult a skin specialist or dermatologist. Consequently, you should use the one which they prescribe. There are several antibiotics also to treat acne. Antibiotics like tetracycline and erythromycin are usually prescribed for acne.
Ways to prevent acne
- Clean the face two times a day with a mild soap, especially meant for acne.
- Never burst the pimples as it can lead to scars.
- Do not touch your face or acne frequently.
- Avoid oily products for your skin.
- Avoid going out in the sun quite often.
- Try to stay away from anxiety and stress as much as you can.
These were some of the possible remedies for acne treatment. Immediately consult your doctor if your acne is worsening.