Choosing the right tyres for your vehicle is very important as tyres constitute one of your car’s essential parts. Different kinds of environments and road conditions require different types of tyres. Other cars also need distinguished tyres. There are many factors on which we can differentiate between the tyres.
Seasoned tyres such as winter tyres, summer tyres, all-season tyres, etc., are easy to recognise. Many factors in a tyre go unnoticed, on which differentiation among tyres can be done.
So what is a tyre made of? In this article, we will discuss some of the primary factors on which tyres can be differentiated.
Rubber is an essential part of a tyre. Two kinds of rubber can be used while manufacturing a tyre. It depends on the manufacturer what kind of rubber he is using. The two kinds of rubber that are used in a tyre are synthetic rubber and natural rubber.
Natural rubber is obtained from rubber trees in large plantations. The bark of the tree is torn apart, and the milky sap is collected. The milky sap is known as latex. At the same time, synthetic rubber is human-made rubber. The advantage of using synthetic rubber while making a tyre is that it can be modified according to the vehicle’s needs.
The disadvantage with natural rubber is that it softens at a high temperature, whereas it gets more challenging at a low temperature. The tyre’s rubber plays a vital role while adjusting the grip of the tyre on the roads. The rubber helps in resistance on slippery roads, and the preferred elasticity is obtained.
Tread is made of synthetic and natural rubber. It comprises three segments. They are:
Cap: The cap in the tread of car tyres Coventry is responsible for the tyres’ proper grip on the road. Many dots on the tread of tyres prove to be the best to grip slippery conditions. It helps provide directions stability on the roads as it removes the danger of slipping tyres on roads. The cap also helps reduce the wear and tear of tyres as it provides extra coverage to the tyres.
Base: Base is mainly used to provide rolling resistance on roads. It also helps reduce the damage to the case of the tyres. Due to the base present, the wires of tyres are also stable.
Shoulder: The shoulder in the tread of the tyres forms an optimal transition from the tread to the tyres’ sidewalls.
Fillers are used to making the tyres more resistant to wear and tear. As tyres are made of rubber, there are high chances of breaking rubber, which causes tyres’ wear.
Fillers can be carbon black, silica, carbon or chalk. We use the fillers in the tyres to bind the rubber and stop the crumbling of rubber. This helps in increasing the mileage of tyres and gives tyres a longer life.
Fillers also prove to be a reason for providing the colours to the tyres. Mainly the colour used for fillers is carbon black, giving the tyre a colour of black. In today’s time, tyres are mainly of carbon black colour because coloured tyres never made their breakthrough from starting the era of tyres. In fact, fillers of different colours were made, but they were never used in the tyres because people prefer black coloured tyres.
To ensure that tyres give you a safe and pleasant ride, plasticisers are used while manufacturing tyres. Plasticisers are oils and resins which provide proper grip to the tyres. This also makes tyres run smoothly on slippery roads. Plasticisers are used in high quantities in winter tyres as it allows for resistance in snow.
It provides a good grip on snowy and icy roads. For drivers and passengers, plasticisers in perfect quantity in the tyres Nuneaton make the right smooth and safe. Plasticisers also play an essential role in preventing the tyres from getting harder in lower temperatures where the rubber tends to get hard.