Vitiligo or ‘Leucoderma’ is a long-term health condition characterized by pale white/pink patches caused by the lack of melanin – a pigment in the skin. The skin may lack melanin either because the cells that produce it die or stop functioning.
This disease typically occurs on the face, neck, hands, and skin creases. This condition also differs from person to person – with people either getting a few small, white patches and tiny dots or experiencing bigger white patches that cover up large areas of the skin. The pale white patches are usually permanent; however, effective vitiligo vulgaris treatment can reduce the appearance.
In terms of the disease’s progression, here are the vitiligo symptoms in the order in which they usually appear:
- It starts as a tiny spot or as a pale patch of skin, gradually turning completely white.
- The centre of the patch is generally white with smooth/irregular edges and paler skin surrounding it.
- In cases where there are blood vessels under the skin, the patch may be slightly pink in appearance.
- It gradually spreads to other areas of the body if left untreated.