Initial server configuration helps in provisioning an environment that is necessary for your web server and also for other users andandlications. It is a major step towards making your first website live. Most of the common websites are setup through open source content management systems like Apache, PHP and MySQL etc. Initial server configuration mostly helps in setting up basic functionalities of your website like uploading files, database connections and also creating various types of custom pages. Web servers are configured using a variety of parameters in order to provide the required services.
The first and foremost step in the initial server configuration is loading up your OS through KVM or KMS access, as per your OS package support. Configuring custom software and tools on server too requires specialized technical knowledge of the underlying software architecture. As Linux is a complex system to operate, so it is best to seek assistance from professional Linux experts for custom software configuration.
For any Linux distribution like Red Hat, Gentoo Linux and Ubuntu, initial server configuration involves configuration of the system through a graphical user interface. This is the most familiar way to configure the system and it is also the default method used by most distributions. You can refer to the manual pages for more details. Network configuration involves configuration of network interfaces and also the IP address. IP address is basically an identification string for your network which uniquely identifies your machine apart from its physical location.
It is necessary to assign a unique IP address to each machine. It is also necessary to configure a name for your network. Some Linux distributions allow you to select an already created static IP address during initial server configuration. While other distributions use a random IP address during the installation. It is however recommended that you use a dynamic IP for better performance and security.
You can use the Network Manager tool in Linux to create the needed connections. It is also possible to install different add on tools that will help you connect to the various networks. This will be used to provide various additional services such as email, fax and proxy support. Network installation requires both knowledge and experience. You must have a basic knowledge of how different types of networks work and you should also have some basic programming knowledge to be able to compile the required programs.
There are various types of Linux distributions. One of them is Red Hat Enterprise 4.3 which is suitable for small enterprises and home users who don’t require sophisticated functionality. Another popular type of distribution is Ubuntu, which is highly flexible and can be installed with minimal effort. The installation process is quite easy and straightforward, and the required packages are also easily available.
Ubuntu requires very little initial configuration. It comes with almost all the necessary packages and they are quite straightforward to install. One important point to remember is that different packages are required for different services and applications. The Ubuntu packages are suitable for the normal operations like IMAP and POP3 e-mail accounts.
The other option is to download OpenMandriva from the official website. This distribution includes the Mandriva web server software and therefore installation is fairly easy. It is highly recommended to read the documentation and instructions carefully before trying out any function. The other option is to download one of the many user-contributed OpenMandriva packages and install it with the default settings.
For a comprehensive and thorough solution to your problem, the suggested solution is to go for a comprehensive package such as Mandriva Plus. There is an additional step for installation after the installation of required software. This package provides a control panel for managing the server using a graphical user interface. It also offers an extended set of scripts and configuration options for handling multiple email accounts. The control panel has a ‘send to’ option which enables you to specify the users who should receive the messages.
Some additional features in the package include the ability to block unwanted mail from getting into your Inbox and auto-responders. There is also a spyware remover tool which can be installed with the package. There is a MySQL cache for faster performance and better storage options. The other major package required is the Linux software bundle called Redmine. This bundles together a number of different useful tools including web, FTP and email services for faster and better performance while working.
The database of the application should be configured before launching Redmine and MySQL should be added to the server once this part is completed. The rest of the things that are needed include the PHP script for displaying email messages and Redmine theme support. A domain name should also be registered if you are setting up an email server on a server hosted by Redmine. The configuration should be completed and the installation complete within a short period of time.