Some decades ago, drivers had no choice but to drive with a single set of tyres. In this situation, they find it extremely hard to cope with severe weather conditions. But the conditions have totally changed. Drivers have the choice to have seasonal tyres that are specially made to face cold or hot weather.
Driving in different weather conditions is never easy for a car driver even he is driving with high-performance tyres. In the summer season, the temperature reaches above 50 that make roads extremely hot.
If you drive your vehicle on these hot roads, it is confirmed your rubber material is going to deform soon.
The story of the winter season is also the same. You have to run your vehicle on extremely cold roads with an added challenge. In the cold weather, you have to face snowy or icy surfaces as well.
Effect of temperature on your tyres
Not only surface but the fluctuation of temperature also causes problems for you in cold or hot weather conditions. According to the rules of physics, the temperature of the air present in your tyre is going to increase due to hot weather. Similarly, it will reduce in the winter conditions.
The air inside the tyre is made up of molecules. The molecules of the air are going to vibrate more with the increase in temperature. As a result, the air is going to expand to cause serious blowouts.
While the tyres run on the road surface, they are rubbed against the surface to generate friction. This frictional force is also responsible for generating more heat in the tyres. Moreover, the rubber material also gets hotter due to the environmental temperature and the temperature of the road surface.
Just like the hot and cold weather, the rainy season also causes problems for car drivers.
The rainy season cause hydroplaning that is a common phenomenon during wet conditions. Your tyres are supposed to skin on the wet surface when water creates a layer of water between the road surface and the surface of tyres.
When water comes in between the tyre and road surface, tyres are unable to provide optimum grip and start to skid on the roads.
The severity of hydroplaning is decided with the help of certain factors like the size of the tyre, tread pattern and depth, air pressure in tyres etc. So, it is clear that weather conditions are never easy to handle for a car driver. However, Car drivers may drive with season tyres that we have talked about at the start of this blog.
Mainly three types of seasonal tyres are in demand: summer tyres, winter tyres and all-season tyres. Let us know more about these car tyres one by one.
Summer tyres, as the name suggests, are used when the temperature reaches above 70C. When the roads are extremely hot, the rubber material of summer tyres will provide optimum grip and traction without the risk of deformation.
The tread pattern of summer tyres also supports hot weather conditions. Summer tyres are made with increased contact area and shallower tread pattern to ensure optimum grip on the roads.
During the winter months, the environmental temperature goes below 7-Degrees-C. Moreover, driving the vehicle on a snowy or icy surface is also a risky job.
Therefore, wise drivers opt for winter tyres when the winter season is knocking on the door. Winter tyres provide the best grip and traction on snowy surfaces or cold dry roads.
Winter tyres are made up of a special tyre material with more natural rubber. Therefore, the rubber material is supposed to remain flexible while the temperature is near the freezing point.
Moreover, the tread depth of winter tyres is specially made up of deeper grooves with an increased number of sipes.
Due to this pattern, winter tyres are fully able to disperse water and manage ice. Winter tyres provide a better grip since the snow fills in the grooves and then the grooves hold the snow on the road surface properly.
All-season tyres are used in different weather conditions. If we talk about the features of all-season tyres, they come between the winter tyres and summer tyres.
All–season tyres are durable since they are made with high-grade rubber material but they are often used for moderate weather conditions.
It means, using all-season tyres in severe weather conditions is not recommended.
It is better if you first think about the weather conditions of your place and only then you determine the type of seasonal tyres.
If you drive your car in a region where frequent snowfalls take place in the winter season, you need to go for winter tyres. If you use your car in a place where winter only causes cold roads but snow or ice is rare on the roads, you may opt for all-season tyres in these moderate conditions. It is better to choose summer tyres if you drive in the summer months for a long time in the year.
A discussion with a tyre dealer is also a good idea if you are looking for your new tyres online. We are sure a reliable tyre dealer will be able to help you to choose your ideal seasonal tyres.