Four Different Types of Essays

October 21, 2021

We write essays every day on our emotions, to propose an argument etc. But what is an article? What’s its definition? It is a written piece of paper designed to present an idea, offer an opinion, express emotion etc.; it is a tool to give the writer’s statements to the reader in a non-fictional way. The essay can be about personal reflections and observations of the author. Moreover, they can also provide political manifestos and criticism.

An essay can be as short as 500 words. But reports can contain up to 5000 words. But, most pieces fall between the 1000-3000 words category. This word range is enough for a reader to develop an argument about the essay.

Types of Essays:

Before writing an essay, it is better to know about the types of it. Following are four different types of articles that are in use generally.

·       Expository essays

·       Argumentative essays

·       Descriptive essays

·       Narrative essays

1.     Expository Essays:

It is a type of essay where the author chooses and investigates a topic to inform the reader about it. The author examines the case based on evidence. After reviewing the issue, he explains it in written form to the reader. In this type, the author teaches the reader about the topic. He describes and presents facts on the topic to inform readers. The author provides all kinds of information related to the topic. The author writes it in the third person, with a formal language. This type of essay is in a precise, logical manner.

To write this type of essay, the author has to perform deep research to provide insights about the topic as the primary goal is to inform and explain.  The subject of an expository essay can be anyone. This could be about education, health, law, movies, science, politics etc., one thing to make sure you know about the topic. You should have deep knowledge about the issue you choose to write about.

Types Of Expository Essays:

There are four types of expository essays, which are as follows, along with a short description:

Definition essay

This type of essay provides information by explaining the meaning of the word or a concept.

Classification essays

These types of essays break down a broad topic into categories. Dividing into categories makes it easier to explain to the reader.

Cause essays 

This essay explains the cause of something. It also tells how things affect each other in a concept/idea.

Compare essays

They describe the differences and similarities between two objects, concepts, places, people etc.

Argumentative Essays:

According to an essay writing service UK, this type of essay is somewhat related to expository essays. This essay is backed with well researched qualitative and quantitative data. The data sources are primary and secondary. The data supports the points you want to make in your essay. Sometimes, in this essay, you also need to address the main points. Your stand on an issue or topic can also be neglected. Usually, the argumentative type of essay is far advanced. One should do a lot of research to write this kind of essay.

To write this type of essay, one requires detailed research on the topic chosen. The analysis allows an author to learn about the issue and develop understanding. The author then presents his idea or point of view. Regardless of the research, the essay must have sound reasoning.

Types Of Argumentative Essays:

A brief description of the types of argumentative essays is as follows:

Persuasive essays

Persuasive essays present an argument. The author tries to persuade readers that one idea is better than others. The author starts with his point of view and supports his point of view throughout the essay.

Research papers

This type relies on research. The external sources support the main argument in the essay. The author takes a balanced approach. An author should also cite differing points of view.

Personal essays

This type of essay does not need to rely on research. This type of essay is based on opinion or personal taste. Research can back up your idea to make it more compelling. All sides of the issue should be considered.

Descriptive Essays:

As the name suggests, this essay is about describing anything you are writing. This is all about language, metaphors etc.; Descriptive essays are used to write about your feelings or most recent experiences. In this type of essay, you can describe the whole story. For example, you did go on a college/university trip and write about that event.

This is more like a creative writing assignment. In this, the author describes something in detail. The author does not provide his arguments but describes the situations.

Types Of Descriptive Essays:

Following are the types of descriptive essays:

Sensory details

As human beings, we observe this world by using our senses. Thus, writing which includes sensory detail is descriptive. Writing is all about feelings and intentions.


Characterization is writing about the appearance, actions and thoughts of a person. The author characterizes the person being discussed in the essay.

Narrative Essays

It consists of a more personal opinion with your point of view. The author makes his point of view clear to the reader. These essays can be stories or creative non-fiction. The author uses the first person “I” in this essay. Narrative essays are often the closest things to journalists. Journalists use this type of essay to narrate a story. It gives the author chance to write about his experiences.

The purpose of a narrative essay is to tell a real-life or fictional story to the reader. It usually relies on personal experience and is often written in the form of a story.

Types Of Narrative Essays:

Following are the main types of narrative essay:

Linear narrative

This type of essay presents the story in the order in which it happened. Every event is narrated in order—for example, writing about the history of the earth.

Non-linear narrative


It presents a story or event out of order. This kind of writing does not use the chronological order of the events.

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