Biometric Technology: A Brief History

November 19, 2021

As businesses go digital, fraudsters and online criminals also find ways to breach data security. Such raises concerns about cybersecurity threats that might harm companies, employees, and consumers. Thus, implementing strict biometric authentication is a norm banks need to follow.


At present, banks authenticate one’s true identity by using the electronic know your customer (e-KYC) scheme. Others rely on the visa delegated authentication program to ensure a frictionless online transaction for users.


Biometric technology is instrumental in providing state-of-the-art security to foster a secure and transparent online environment for customers. Reaching such a level never went easy. Breakthroughs, discoveries, and inquiries paved the way for biometrics to prosper as written in its long history.

Manually operated semi-automated facial recognition used by administrators in the 1960s became the first attempt in modernizing biometrics. Through funding, the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) supported the fingerprint identification development in 1969.

The 1980s is an era of breakthrough for biometrics. Today’s voice command and recognition system originated from the National Institute of Standards Technology (NIST) study. In 1985, iris authentication became a new form of biometrics that looks at people’s blood vessel patterns in the eyes.

Biometrics developed further in the 1990s when the Biometric Consortium got established. The creation of the then-flawed face recognition under the Department of Defense (DoD) and Defense Advanced Research Products Agency (DARPA) partnership opened the possibility of real-time recognition.

Over hundreds of patented biometric techs became available for commercial and event purposes in the United States in the 2000s. At the same time, West Virginia University offered a program that will allow students interested in biometrics to study it. The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) opened for international collaboration for the standardization of generic biometric technologies.

Scientists are still exploring and continue to widen the scope of biometrics to strengthen its capabilities and provide benefits.


If you want to know more about biometrics history, check Login ID’s website.

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